Using computationally efficient techniques for transforming the massive amount of Remote Sensing (RS) data into scientific understanding is critical for Earth science. The utilization of efficient techniques through innovative computing systems in RS applications has become more widespread in recent years. The continuously increased use of Deep Learning (DL) as a specific type of Machine Learning (ML) for dataintensive problems (i.e., ’big data’) requires powerful computing resources with equally increasing performance. This paper reviews recent advances in High-Performance Computing (HPC), Cloud Computing (CC), and Quantum Computing (QC) applied to RS problems. It thus represents a snapshot of the state-of-the-art in ML in the context of the most recent developments in those computing areas, including our lessons learned over the last years. Our paper also includes some recent challenges and good experiences by using Europeans fastest supercomputer for hyper-spectral and multi-spectral image analysis with state-of-the-art data analysis tools. It offers a thoughtful perspective of the potential and emerging challenges of applying innovative computing paradigms to RS problems.
(Presented by Morris Riedel)